What Really Causes Acid Reflux Or Gerd

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Acid refluxAcid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux diseases (GERD) is a disorder during which gastric acids rise into the esophagus because of a faulty valve that keeps the two contents separate under normal conditions.

A research study in 2011, by a Norwegian team determined that in most of the industrialized world, the prevalence of GERD has risen in excess of 50% since the year 2000.

When the LES or lower esophageal sphincter is faulty or weakened gastric acids can make their way into the lower esophagus.

Most individuals have an occasional problem with gastric reflux. In most cases, this is of little harm.

If the problem becomes chronic and is not treated, heartburn can become GERD.

In cases that are severe and chronic, the esophagus can become damaged and scarred and a person may have problems swallowing, and the probability of contracting esophageal cancer will increase. In this article we will delve into what really causes acid reflux.

What Are Acid Reflux Symptoms

The symptoms of acid reflux are normally substernal burning and pain. Asthma can also develop as gastric acids make their way into the throat, mouth , and airways.

This can also lead to erosion of the teath and difficulty swallowing. Coughing and hoarseness can also develop as these secretions make their way into the larynx.

What Really Causes Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux occurs commonly when the LES or lower esophageal sphincter does not function properly and gastric acid makes its way into the esophagus.

Even though we understand that problems with the LES lead to GERD, we are not certain why it the LES becomes faulty.

One of numerous reasons could be that gastric pressure increases to a level that is more than the LES can control.

Here are some of the commonly occurring causes of what really causes acid reflux:

Very large meals

very large mealPeople who consume foods in very large quantities will commonly discover that their acid reflux problems will subside if they reduce the quantity of their intake.

People who take note of foods that cause them to have problems have also been able to improve their condition.

Pregnancy

GERD more frequently occurs during the last trimester of pregnancy. As the baby grows and puts pressure on the stomach, the gastric contents may be forced into the esophagus.

Physicians indicate that antacids will not be effective for GERD causes by pregnancy.

Eating smaller meals, but more frequently, is known to help. In most cases GERD will resolve itself after the birth of the baby.

Hiatal Hernia

This is an affliction that occurs when the upper portion of the stomach forces its way into the cavity of the chest via an opening in their diaphragm.

Hiatal hernias are caused as the result of severe vomiting, coughing, straining, obesity, and pregnancy. People with a hiatal hernia are at a much higher risk of developing GERD.

Gastric Ulcers And Not Enough Digestive Enzymes

Gastric ulcers and problems with digestive juices can slow down the persistalsis or motility of the digestive tract.

This causes gastric acids to accumulate in the stomach and back up toward the esophagus. Gastric ulcers often occur as the result of chronic NSAID use.

NSAIDs are analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and others.

NSAIDs reduce the amount of cytoprotective prostaglandins in the stomach, resulting in ulcers.

Smoking

smokingResearch has demonstrated that smokers have lower levels of bicarbonates in their saliva, which serve to neutralize acids.

Smoking also causes the stomach to produce more acid and it weakens the LES.

Smoking also decreases the level of digestive peristalsis, which increases the gastric emptying time and makes GERD more likely to occur.

Alcohol Consumption

Although, it is a bit controversial, and not conclusively proven, the consensus among researches it that alcohol consumption increases the probability that one will develop GERD and also exacerbates the condition for those that have it.

Alcohol will can also damage the mucosa of the stomach and the esophagus.

 

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