Signs of acid reflux in children

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Food passes through the body esophagus under normal conditions and a muscle at the bottom of the esophagus closes off in order for liquids and food to remain in the stomach. This muscle associated in this is the LES (lower esophageal sphincter). When the LES fails to close properly, the stomach contents and the acid may back up to the esophagus.

GERD does begin in infancy, though only a few number of infants go ahead with GERD like older children. It is advised to have an evaluation done by a physician for any adolescent or a child with more symptoms of GERD.

The following are symptoms associated with acid reflux in young children

Here are some of the symptoms that may occur if your child is having acid reflux;

A burning sensation around the esophagus
Chest pain
Abdominal pain above and around the belly button
Extreme refusing food or pickiness about foods
Gagging or choking
Despite having hunger, the child only eats a few bites
Weight loss or poor weight gain
Bad breath
Sinus infections
A constant running nose
Night time cough
Hoarseness
Nagging and dry cough
Respiratory problems (like wheezing, bronchitis and also asthma)
Poor sleep and frequent waking
Intolerant of pressure in the stomach
Excessive drolling or salivation
Frequent ear infections or some ear congestion

Diagnosis of the acid reflux in young children by the doctor is done in the following manner; the doctor may base the diagnosis of the acid reflux on the child’s symptoms or by making some physical examination. A doctor can order for tests to be done in order to verify diagnosis and to determine if there is a more serious condition like gastroesophageal reflux disease that may be the course of the reflux. Here are some of the tests that may be done in order to verify the signs of acid reflux in young children;

Lab tests- the test may consist of several urine and blood tests in order to rule and also identify possible causes or poor loosing of weight or recurring vomiting.

Upper endoscopy- this is done by use of a tube,camera lens and light is then inserted through the child’s mouth and to the esophagus as well asto the stomach.

Esophageal monitoring of the PH- the tests helps in knowing the acidity of the esophagus of the child.

Treating an acid reflux in the child can be done by the following ways- the doctor may prescribe the treatment of the child depending on the age of the child and also the symptoms. A doctor may recommend one of the following remedies for the treatment.

Antacids- they usually neutralize the acid in the stomach. These include Maalox, Mylanta, and tums.
Acid suppressers- they include suppressers for production of acid in the child’s stomach. The supressers include pepcid, tagamet, axid and zantac.

Acid blockers- they usually block the production of acid completely. These include prevacid, prilosec, nexium, protonix and aciphex. One must always remember that GERD occurs in the stomach when the contents in the stomach reflux in the esophagus.

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