GERD Acid Reflux: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


Acid reflux is the process of backward flow of stomach acid into your esophagus, a tube which connects your stomach and throat. There are close relation between gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) and acid reflux. In a more specific term, acid reflux is known as GERD acid reflux. In this condition, you may taste sour liquid or regurgitated food in your mouth. There may also be a burning sensation in your chest. This is called heartburn.

GERD is a more severe form of acid reflux. Frequent heart burn is the most common symptom of GERD acid reflux. Regurgitation of sour liquid or food, chest pain, wheezing, coughing, difficulty swallowing, bitter taste in mouth, dry cough, hoarseness, etc are the other symptoms of this disease.

Causes of GERD Acid Reflux

The exact cause of gastro esophageal reflux is not known. However, your lower esophageal sphincter may be weakened or relaxed due to a number of factors such as lifestyle, medications, diet, eating habits and other medical conditions. This leads to the worsening of GERD. Poor posture, obesity, use of cigarettes or alcohol, etc are the lifestyle related issues for acid reflux.

It can also occur due to the usage of some medications such as antihistamines, nitrates, theophylline, calcium channel blockers, etc. GERD acid reflux occurs due to the consumption of certain foods such as mint flavorings, spicy foods, acid foods like tomatoes and citrus fruits, drinks with caffeine, garlic and onions, chocolate, fatty and fried foods, etc.

Eating habit of a person is the other major contributor of acid reflux. Therefore, eating soon before bedtime, and eating large meals, etc should be avoided. It can also occur due to rapid weight gain, diabetes, pregnancy, hiatal hernia, etc.

GERD Acid Reflux Treatment

This disease can be evaluated or diagnosed by a trial of treatment, biopsy, endoscopy, X-ray examination of larynx and throat. Esophageal acid perfusion, emptying studies of stomach, esophageal motility testing and esophageal acid testing are the other methods used for diagnosing Gerd acid reflux.

GERD acid reflux can be cured by changing your lifestyle, diet, and habits. You need to consult a healthcare professional if the symptoms occur frequently, interfere your work or other activities, disrupts your sleep, or if it is not cured even after self care.

You need immediate medical care if you feel severe chest pain, vomiting blood, dark, tarry stools, or difficulty swallowing. The disease can be treated by using proton pump inhibitors, coating agents, pro motility agents, etc. Surgery is the last resort for curing GERD acid reflux. It is recommended when all other options fail. Usually, the problem can be solved by changing your lifestyle and medications. Surgery for GERD acid reflux is very rare.

How to Prevent GERD Acid Reflux?

Keep away from the causes of reflux is the best and safest method to prevent Gerd acid reflux disease. Maintaining a healthy body weight is highly essential. Instead of larger meals, you should eat small meals. Intake of fatty or greasy foods, caffeine, chocolate, and the other irritating foods should be avoided. It is also essential to stop smoking and drinking. Stooping, bending, and working out on a full stomach should be strictly avoided.


One Comment/Review

  • Razta says:

    prevention is the most effective meothd I have tried. Try charting what you eat and when, and how bad the symptoms are day to day. this could tell you about the types of foods most likey to cause problems for you. also focus on when you eat. If you eat too close to bed time, you are probably setting yourself up for problems with this condition.Lastly, try putting a couple of bricks or other sturdy item under the legs of your bed on the end where your head is, creating a gentle slope from head to foot. this can help a lot. If your bed doesn’t allow for that, you can buy an inflatable wedge that slips between your matress and box spring. Getting your head and chest elevated a bit while you sleep can help.Also, there are over the counter medications, but you asked for natural, so what’s more natural than prevention?

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