An Overview of the Symptoms for Acid Reflux

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When food reaches the mouth saliva breaks down the starch available in the food into small molecules. This process can be described as the first stage of digestion and esophagus, a tube-like structure, located in between stomach and pharynx will take food into the stomach. The glands, situated in the lining of the stomach, will produce stomach acids to aid the process of digestion and in order to reach stomach; food will have to pass through lower esophageal sphincter (LES). LES can be described as a valve-like muscle structure and it will help the food to reach stomach by opening in an inward direction. In normal circumstances, LES will be in a closed position after allowing the food to pass through and any deviation from this mechanism or improper functioning of LES will lead to acid reflux disease.

Most common symptoms for acid reflux include heartburn, dyspepsia and regurgitation. Most people experience heartburn and it can be described as burning feeling in the chest. This sensation will start from the abdomen and it will move in an upward direction towards the chest. This burning sensation can go even up to the throat as well. Regurgitation can also be described as one of the most common symptoms for acid reflux and people will experience a bitter or sour taste with this symptom. When acid backs up into the throat or mouth people will show a tendency to vomit as well. Dyspepsia or stomach discomfort can always be associated with acid reflux and some of the dyspepsia related discomforts include burping, stomach fullness, nausea after eating and abdominal pain. Some people also experience symptoms like sore throat, weight loss, chest pain and difficulty in swallowing.

Most people experience acid reflux symptoms after having a heavy meal and these symptoms will be more evident when people lie down on their back. The symptoms can also occur during the time of lifting an object or bending over and it can be said that acid reflux related discomforts will be more severe during the night. More than 50% of the pregnant women experience heart burn during the period of pregnancy and in normal circumstances; it will disappear after the delivery. The eating habits of the people will have to be changed to bring these symptoms under control and some of the foods that will aggravate the symptoms include spicy or fried foods, tomatoes, garlic, citrus fruits, onions, peppermint, chocolate and caffeinated drinks.

Regular consumption of alcohol will always aggravate the symptoms for acid reflux and medical practitioners always advise people to stop this habit as early as possible. Obese people will be more vulnerable acid reflux in comparison with other people. People should develop healthy eating habits to control the acid reflux symptoms and maintaining a good body posture also deserves great attention. Smoking always aggravates acid reflux and all these aspects clearly point towards the importance of leading a healthy lifestyle. Acid reflux issues will have to be controlled as early as possible because unattended acid reflux symptoms for a prolonged period of time will lead to greater complications including cancer.

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